Category Archives: Theology

Ten Principles Governing Spiritual Gifts

1. Spiritual gifts are given by one Spirit.

2. Spiritual gifts are as diverse as the parts of a body.

3. Spiritual gifts are an expression of unity in one body.

4. Spiritual gifts were given to the church and for edifying the church.
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Filed under 1 Corinthians, Corporate Worship, Doctrine, Lectures, Scripture, SEBTS, The Holy Spirit, Theology

New Testament Chronology

The following are my notes of Ed Gravely’s lecture at SEBTS.

– Paul’s 1st Missionary Journey (AD 47-48)
* Galatians was written

– Jerusalem Council (AD 49)

– Paul’s 2nd Missionary Journey (AD 49-51)
* 1 and 2 Thessalonians was written
* Paul visits Corinth on the 2nd missionary journey and is there for more than one year (Acts 18:11).

– Paul’s 3rd Missionary Journey
* Romans, 1 & 2 Corinthians was written (AD 55).
* Paul is put in prison and writes the 4 prison epistles: Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, & Philemon.

– After the 3rd Missionary Journey Paul writes 1 & 2 Timothy and Titus. 2 Timothy was clearly written from prison.

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Filed under Lectures, Scripture, SEBTS, Theology

Three New Perspectives on Paul

E.P. Sanders – Jews always believed that salvation was by divine grace and mercy. Paul created a “straw man” within Judaism to defeat (even though no Jews really believed it).

James Dunn – Paul wasn’t attacking justification by works (which Jews didn’t really believe). Paul was attacking “Jewish exclusivism.”

NT Wright – Affirms Dunn, but raises further questions about the nature of justification. He says justification, the declaration that one is righteous, is the declaration that one is a covenant member. God’s call, through the preaching of the gospel, brings one into the covenant family by grace, through faith. Then justification comes in and declares that person to be a member of the covenant. Therefore, justification is a matter of ecclesiology, not soteriology, answering the question, “Who is in the people of God?’ not “How do I get into the people of God?”

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Heaven Is Gain

The following is my notes of Kevin Deyoung’s sermon on heaven. Click HERE for the audio of this sermon.

 Where we go when we die is such a fundamental question in our lives. There may not be a more fundamental question then this. Also as a church we will be facing death and all the more as we grow older together.

When you think about heaven we need to get into our mind two different stages. The first stage is heaven the new heavens and new earth when Christ returns. This is the primary thing that the bible talks about when it speaks of heaven.

The second stage is sometimes called the intermediate state. It is not the final goal of our life, but it is the place we go when we die immediately after we die and before the new heavens and new earth are established.

Philippians 1:18-26

What then? Only that in every way, whether in pretense or in truth, Christ is proclaimed, and in that I rejoice.

Yes, and I will rejoice, for I know that through your prayers and the help of the Spirit of Jesus Christ this will turn out for my deliverance, as it is my eager expectation and hope that I will not be at all ashamed, but that with full courage now as always Christ will be honored in my body, whether by life or by death. For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain. If I am to live in the flesh, that means fruitful labor for me. Yet which I shall choose I cannot tell. I am hard pressed between the two. My desire is to depart and be with Christ, for that is far better. But to remain in the flesh is more necessary on your account. Convinced of this, I know that I will remain and continue with you all, for your progress and joy in the faith, so that in me you may have ample cause to glory in Christ Jesus, because of my coming to you again. Continue reading

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Filed under Doctrine, Heaven, Philippians, Sermons, Theology

Heaven Is A Place On Earth

The following is my notes of Kevin Deyoung’s sermon on heaven. Click HERE for the audio of this sermon.

1 Corinthians 15:50-55

I tell you this, brothers: flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable. Behold! I tell you a mystery. We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed. For this perishable body must put on the imperishable, and this mortal body must put on immortality. When the perishable puts on the imperishable, and the mortal puts on immortality, then shall come to pass the saying that is written:

“Death is swallowed up in victory.”
“O death, where is your victory?
O death, where is your sting?”

So we see in verse 50 that we are currently not yet fit for the kingdom in our present state. There is something in our existence that does not make us fit and so we need a new body. In verses 51 and following we see that we will have a new body.  Continue reading

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Filed under 1 Corinthians, 2 Peter, Doctrine, Heaven, Revelation, Romans, Sermons, Theology

Genesis: A God-Centered Summary, Pt. 1

Here are 22 alliterated summary statements of what God does from Genesis 1-20:

1. God Creates Everything – Genesis 1-2 (Establishes the covenant of works and marriage)

2. God’s Covenant Is Broken – Genesis 3:1-7

3. God Curses Satan, The Woman, & The Man – Genesis 3:8-19

4. God Clothes and Casts Out Adam & Eve – Genesis 3:20-24 Continue reading

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Filed under Bible Summary, Biblical Theology, Genesis, God, Scripture, Theology

God’s Sovereignty Over Sin

The following is an excerpt from John Frame’s book The Doctrine of GodChapter 9, “The Problem of Evil.” The headings are added by David Mathis; the paragraphs are Dr. Frame’s.

God Is Sovereign Over Sin

. . . God does harden hearts, and through his prophets he predicts sinful human actions long in advance, indicating that he is in control of human free decisions. Now theologians have found it difficult to formulate in general terms how God acts to bring about those sinful actions. . . . Do we want to say that God is the “cause” of evil? That language is certainly problematic, since we usually associate cause with blame. . . . [I]t seems that if God causes sin and evil, he must be to blame for it.

Words: The Theologian’s Tools

Therefore, there has been much discussion among theologians as to what verb should best describes God’s agency in regard to evil. Some initial possibilities: authors, brings about, causes, controls, creates, decrees, foreordains, incites, includes within his plan, makes happen, ordains, permits, plans, predestines, predetermines, produces, stands behind, wills. Many of these are extra-scriptural terms; none of them are perfectly easy to define in this context. So theologians need to give some careful thought about which of these terms, if any, should be affirmed, and in what sense. Words are the theologian’s tools. In a situation like this, none of the possibilities is fully adequate. There are various advantages and disadvantages among the different terms. Let us consider some of those that are most frequently discussed. Continue reading

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Filed under Apologetics, Book Quotes, Doctrine, God, Theology