Category Archives: Biblical Theology

Biblical Theology of Missions

The following post are my notes of Dr. John Ewart’s lecture on missions.

The bible presents a grand narrative of mission from Genesis to Revelation. That big story is the whole point of Scripture. Knowing this helps us understand the various parts of the BIble.

Missions In the Old Testament

Do we even see missions in the Old Testament?

Christopher Wright in his book The Mission of God says, “The Old Testament is shaped by the very nature of the mission of the New Testament church, which, indeed felt compelled to justify its mission practice from the Scriptures we now call the Old Testament.”

The early followers of Christ understood that the Old Testament had foreshadowed Christ and the preaching of forgiveness. See Luke 24:46-47
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Filed under Biblical Theology, Lectures, Missions, SEBTS

Genesis: A God-Centered Summary, Pt. 1

Here are 22 alliterated summary statements of what God does from Genesis 1-20:

1. God Creates Everything – Genesis 1-2 (Establishes the covenant of works and marriage)

2. God’s Covenant Is Broken – Genesis 3:1-7

3. God Curses Satan, The Woman, & The Man – Genesis 3:8-19

4. God Clothes and Casts Out Adam & Eve – Genesis 3:20-24 Continue reading

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Filed under Bible Summary, Biblical Theology, Genesis, God, Scripture, Theology

The Bible Is Not About You!

Jesus is the true and better Adam who passed the test in the garden and whose obedience is imputed to us.

Jesus is the true and better Abel who, though innocently slain, has blood now that cries out, not for our condemnation, but for acquittal.

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Losing the Forest for the Trees

Some will argue that gospel-centered interpretations are nothing more than eisegesis. They say we should not put Christ into Old Testament texts when He is not there. The problem is that Jesus sure did think He was there. Jesus taught that all the Scriptures were about Himself. Why then do so many have a hard time seeing the continuity of the testaments? Probably one of the biggest reasons is that they are losing the forest for the trees.

Most would agree that faithful exegesis of a text includes paying close attention to grammar, syntax, genre, and historical background. After carefully observing all these things we try to understand the author’s original intent. Unfortunately, most exegesis is only done in the context of the larger passage or biblical book. This is like studying a tree and then a cluster of tress in a huge forest. Those observations need to be done, but they only tell you a small part of the big picture. What is so desperately needed is that we “use the tools of biblical theology” so that “we can consider the point of the text in light of where the text falls in redemptive-history.” What we should quickly begin to see once we have stepped back far enough to get the big picture of Scripture is that “every literary genre and form within Scripture is linked directly to Scripture’s basic covenantal form and function.” Failure to see the big covenantal structure of Scripture will result in a failure to see the rest of the smaller passages (the trees) in the cannon (the forest) as “expounding and applying the meaning of Christ as the fulfillment.”

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Filed under Biblical Theology, Preaching, The Gospel

Preaching Christ Is Preaching the Whole Counsel

If we can see the big picture of the forest and learn who to interpret the trees in light of the forest, then it would help explain why preaching the gospel is in fact preaching the whole counsel of God.

“Our concern is not to preach Christ to the exclusion of the ‘whole counsel of God’ but rather to view the whole counsel of God, with all its teachings, laws, prophecies, and visions, in the light of Jesus Christ.”

Preaching the gospel every week and making it the center of all the Scriptures does not mean you will only preach sermons on the events of Christ’s death and resurrection. This would be failing to understand what it means to preach Christ from all of Scripture. The church does need sermons that deal with Christian living, social justice, and hundreds of other important ethical issues and doctrines.

The point being made here is that in order for them to understand how those issues fit into the big picture they need to hear them preached in light of what who Christ is and what He has done. Many pastors and theologians have called this the confusion of “law and gospel.” The irony of confusing law and gospel is not only that it is unbiblical, but it also fails to produce the fruit that the preacher hopes his sermons will bear. As Graeme Goldsworthy so eloquently puts it, “to say we should be or do and not link it with a clear exposition of what God has done about our failure to be or do perfectly as he wills is to reject the grace of God and to lead people to lust after self-help and self-improvement in a way that, to call a spade a spade, is godless.”

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Filed under Biblical Theology, Law and Gospel, Preaching, The Gospel